IoT And Its Real-World Applications

Today we live in a world that is more connected than ever. Even right now, as you are reading this article, there are billions of dives connected around the globe that are collecting petabytes of data as each day passes. But this raises all sorts of questions like why is this data being collected? Or What can we do with all this data? The answer is quite simple. We can use this data to take care of home security to control fuel and water consumption and take care of entertainment needs.

But it can be challenging to understand how collecting data can help us in all these scenarios. This is where the concept of IoT kicks in.


But, what is IoT?
IoT is a connected system of computing devices and machines, which are interconnected through the internet. As all these devices and machines are interconnected, they can collect data and then exchange that data with each other. Thanks to the shared information, these machines can collaborate and learn from experiences just like us humans do.

Why do we need IoT?

IoT helps people live and work smarter and allows them to gain complete control over their lives. IoT does not only stop at intelligent devices for homes. It is also essential for business. IoT will enable companies to monitor their systems in real-time, delivering insights into their system.

Application of IoT
Wearables
When it comes to IoT applications, wearable technology is one of the earliest industries to adopt the idea of IoT. These wearables include a wide range of devices ranging from the medical field to fitness devices. Today we see these wearables in the form of Fit Bits, heart rate monitoring devices, and smartwatches.
However, there are also some lesser-known forms of these wearable devices. One such device is the glucose monitoring device. This device is developed to help people who are suffering from diabetes. It monitors the glucose levels in the body by placing a tiny electrode (glucose sensor) under the skin. Then the monitored data transferred to the monitoring device via Radio Frequency.

Smart Home Applications

It is one of the most basic and practical applications of IoT. Intelligent homes take the meaning of convenience and security to a whole new level. However, there are different levels at which IoT can be applied to smart homes. However, the best one is that it binds the intelligent utility and entertainment together.

For example, your IoT-powered meter can give you insights into your power usage patterns or your set-top box recording your favorite TV shows that you missed due to some reason. Some other examples are connected surveillance systems, advanced locking systems, and automatic illumination systems.

However, we are sure of one thing, that as IoT keeps evolving and devices keep getting smarter, enhanced home systems will reach the next level of security.

Health care

Our current medical systems lack critical real-world data. The reason for that is we rely primarily on leftover data, volunteers, and controlled environments for medical examination. With the help of IoT, we can turn our traditional reactive medical-based system into more active wellness-based systems.

But with IoT implemented, we can collect a lot of valuable data through real-time field data, analysis, and testing. IoT will also help us improve devices in power, availability, and precision.


Smart Cities

Today in our world, we are facing a lot of issues due to overpopulation and its growing density. And its consequences are in the form of freshwater scarcity, the collapse of traffic, piles of garbage, and air pollution.
In order to overcome these issues, efforts are being made, and IoT is being implemented to make cities smart and well organized. Some of the practical implementations are smart infrastructure, traffic management, smart parking, City Air Management Tool (CyAM), and smart waste management.

Agriculture

Studies show that the rate at which the world population is growing, it is to reach nearly10 billion by the year 2050. In order to feed such a massive population, we need to incorporate our IoT technology in agriculture to obtain the best results.
Automated greenhouse farming and automated hydroponic systems are the best examples of IoT-based agriculture yield systems. Using these systems, we can enhance the yield results by controlling environment parameters.

The best thing about these systems is that we cannot only monitor our systems but also control the environment within these systems. This works in such a way that sensors measure the ideal conditions for plants, then these conditions are sent to the cloud, and once the data is processed, the requirements are applied by the control system.

Industrial Automation

The industry is one of the fields in which faster developments and quality of products are the key factors in order to gain a higher return on investment. With the help of IoT, we can re-engineer our product or product packaging depending on the cost and customer experience.

Self-Driven cars

Lately, we have seen a lot of hype around self-driven cars. Self-driven cars are no longer objects of the future as Google and Tesla have tested them and are constantly working to make them work even better. Even Uber also tried one such project but later shelved it.

However, in order to make this concept work properly, we have to make sure that our technology is more than capable of such tasks for better safety of passengers and other people on the road.


What is the scope of IoT?

According to a study, 24 billion IoT devices were installed by the year 2020, and they generated a revenue of over 300 billion. These numbers show the potential of IoT.
IoT systems are intelligent systems, they iterate, they learn, they improve, and eventually, they keep getting better and better as time passes. IoT networks do not need to be pre-assembled, they just keep growing over time. These devices are crucial to creating a more innovative world. The IoT networks are growing at a significant pace and are offering a lot of opportunities.

Conclusion 

IoT may sound like a concept from the future, but actually, it is not. IoT is an emerging technology that has taken the world by storm. In recent years IoT has evolved. It is being implemented to help humans live an effortless and smarter life. However, it may take some time to understand this concept thoroughly.

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